Items are summed to offer a complete get anywhere between 5 (reasonable fulfillment) in order to 35 (high satisfaction)

Pleasure Having Lifetime

Life fulfillment (Diener ainsi que al., 1985) “is actually mentioned into Satisfaction having Lifetime Level (SWLS), created by Diener mais aussi al. (1985) and you can adjusted of the Juczynski (1999), and that analyzes brand new cognitive aspect of SWB. The brand new SWLS contains five items ranked of the an effective respondent playing with good 7-area scale, ranging from ‘highly disagree’ (1) to ‘highly agree’ (7). Attempt items were “I’m satisfied with the new criteria out of living” and you may “At this point, I’ve received the main things I would like in daily life.” The Polish sorts of brand new SWLS got found try-retest reliability (0.86), internal consistency-Cronbach’s leader (0.81), and you may discriminant legitimacy (upwards 0.50)” (Juczynski, 1999).


The Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (KADS) (Brooks et al., 2003) “is a commonly used screening test used to identify young people at risk for depression. It is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. The KADS consists of six items rated by a respondent using a four-point scale, ranging from ‘hardly ever’ (0) to ‘all of the time’ (3). Validation of the Polish version of KADS in a group of students aged 18–24 years has shown its high reliability and content validity. Confirmatory factor analysis showed the good fit of model to empirical data: SB ? ( 15 ) 2 = , p < 0.001, RMSEA = 0.053, CFI = 0.958, SRMR = 0.029. Factor loading ranged from 0.40 to 0.80. Total score ranged from 0 to 18” (Mojs et al., 2015).

Be concerned

Brand new Imagined Worry Size (PSS) “is among the most commonly used emotional tool for calculating the new perception away from be concerned (Cohen et al., 1983). Which level was created to measure the degree to which participants pick their lifetime unpredictable, uncontrollable, and overloading. It uses a ten-items way of measuring the degree that situations in the an individual’s lifestyle is appraised given that tiring. Total size score try determined by the contrary-rating absolutely worded facts after which summing the ten points. The possibility set of values with the overall size get was 0–40. Said reliability are 0.91 during the college and area examples and you may 0.88 in a sample which have very early teens (Yarcheski and Mahon, 1999). The new PSS has been utilized during the a selection of setup and you will has been shown to relate genuinely to loads of mental solutions, plus nervousness and depressive episodes. The Polish particular the PSS got found decide to try-retest reliability (0.72), interior texture-Cronbach’s alpha (0.86)” (Juczynski and Oginska-Bulik, 2012).

Create Validity

To evaluate getting legitimacy assistance, correlations have been computed between your RS?fourteen together with satisfaction-with-lives size SWLS, also to the about three subscales of your anxiety measure KADS along with the Observed Be concerned Measure (PSS) on the test out of young people and also in this new try out-of the team with unique requires. Answers are shown in Table six.

First of all, as expected, lives fulfillment is definitely and you will significantly from the strength (RS-14) in the young people and you can special requires teams. Furthermore, anxiety and you may thought of stress (PSS) was basically adversely and you can somewhat coordinated that have strength regarding young people classification. Additionally, negative correlations was basically observed regarding your dimension-of-anxiety measure KADS (despair, insufficient trust, physical exhaustion, feeling of firmness off existence, anxieties, and suicide regarding advice). Thirdly, depression is adversely and you can sparingly correlated which have resilience in the class that have special need.


Given the effect away from strength regarding private and you can personal advancement off youthfulness, and you will because of the associated broadening interest in strength conclusions in theory and exercise, it current studies is impelled so you’re able to statement associated validation statistics having fun with the newest tips of Scale RS-14 (Wagnild, 2009a) inside Gloss people away from teenagers. That it methodological look examined the concept of strength by confirming this new RS-14 with the common populace out of teens (aged 13–17 ages) and you will young people (years 19–twenty seven age) and secondly because of the examining recognition regarding young people with unique means and you will socially maladjusted offenders who’re when you look at the informative, healing, probation centers (aged thirteen–18 ages). It’s been without up until now, and therefore so it use up all your will bring service to own diagnostics on earth in both Poland and in future international look regarding the RS-fourteen (come across Table seven).