I’d like to inform about World Encyclopaedia of Puppetry Arts

  • Presentation
    • PrГ©face
    • Towards the audience
    • Reputation for WEPA 1978-2017
    • Tricky content version
    • Contributors


Translation Alain Cloarec (2013)

Related articles



Latin America

In accordance with the book that is sacred of Maya, the Popol Vuh, “the reputation for puppets and guys of wood started before the creation of men by the gods and ahead of the males of corn inhabited the earth”. As Mané Bernardo, Argentine puppeteer and writer, stated, “primitive guy discovered their dance shadow on cave walls and had been fascinated. Later on, he created visual clay figurines, but experiencing a necessity to see them go, he broke them into components. He articulated your head and users, and their want to show himself compelled him to create them live, which will make them express or transfigure all that their heart had been keeping in and him. which he imperiously desired to communicate to the globe that surrounded”

Pre-Columbian Puppets

Alejandro Jara, a specialist in prehistoric puppets, asked issue: “Where did the authors regarding the Popol Vuh get the concept to illustrate their texts with allegories of ‘living, walking and chatting puppets built away from lumber’ if you don’t through the pictures that surrounded them within their day-to-day everyday lives?” The real history of Pre-Columbian US puppets makes us assume why these inhabitants had been profoundly marked by animist opinions and guy forged links along with his divinities through specific rituals where the puppet often took a crucial part. Several Native American civilizations, Aztec, “from TeotihuacГЎn”, Maya, Inca, Arawak, Amazonian, CalchaquГ­ (Argentina), indigenous individuals through the Pacific shore and Native americans, dominated the production and manipulation practices of puppetry (see Native American Puppetry). Many articulated figurines with holes inside their minds, either sequence puppets or glove puppets manufactured from clay, stone, lumber or any other materials, had been present in different internet web sites and among each person.


The Códice Florentino (Florentine Codex, 1577) is just a compilation of Spanish and Nahuatl texts put together by the Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún (c.1500-1590) throughout the Spanish conquest for the Americas and considered a crucial supply of details about pre-Hispanic native individuals. It relates right to the spiritual and profane purpose of the puppeteer. One of these brilliant texts mentions a kind of entertainer whom “makes the gods appear, leap and play” and holds “in the palm of their hand, an item which he can manipulate to go or dancing, producing entertainment or wonder into the spectator”. One of these brilliant things, called muchachuelo, is straight associated with articulated clay numbers present in particular archaeological web web web sites. Alberto Mejia Barón has a crucial collection with a certain Olmec puppet dating from 1300 BCE fond of him by way of a sorcerer whom tried it during treating sessions. This figure is totally articulated like the mouth together with tongue. Other articulated clay statuettes have already been discovered dating through the 4th century CE which were 35 centimetres high with hands and/or legs in addition to the human anatomy but mounted on it by normal fibres, providing them with a specific flexibility.

A lot of the figures discovered in Mexico have typical faculties for the “Teotihuacán” culture with, nonetheless, neighborhood variants. Their ornamentation is quite diverse. Some have actually earrings, bracelets, necklaces, pendants and tattoos. Other people have actually base ornaments. Apart from the Mayas, Incas and Aztecs, other smaller known civilizations unveiled findings that are important those for the San Agustín civilization into the Magdalena River Valley in Colombia. Archaeological findings reveal that this civilization flourished beginning with the century that is 6th. Its sculptures in the shape of monoliths expose the presence of rites during which masks and animated things had been utilized. Later on, the Quimbayas created articulated figurines manufactured from silver and representing beings that are fantastic.

In El Salvador, tiny, mostly feminine sculptures that may be considered puppets happen unearthed. These “Bolinas figurines”, found within the 1950s because of the archaeologist Stanley Boggs, are part of the period that is pre-classical had been determined become linked to the Olmec civilization based on Roberto Gallardo. Their function continues to be a secret and their craftsmanship shows that a string that is small happen utilized to control their hands.